We invest huge amount of time into our passions. This drive can lead to mindset and an uncomplete picture of what we do not paying attention to what we need. Lets breakdown how Exercise Science benefits injury prevention and overuse injuries.

1. How you do what you do

Every physical activity and sport practice involve risk. Sport Epidemiology (the branch of medicine which deals with the incidence, distribution, and possible control of diseases and other factors relating to health) has approached and quantified the potential risk to suffer ab injury by time of practice in a large variety of activities. This interesting prespective shows that each single activity and sport has a unique profile and injury pattern.
However, the risk often does not lie in the time of practice per se, it rather lies on  (A) how ready are we to spent this practice time over certain periods. Overuse, fatigue and lack of fitness can undermine our performance and increase injury risk during practice time.

2. Weak links

Your body operates as a whole and has weak links for example just a simple muscle dysfunction can challenge the whole body mechanics. Proper body functional balance is imperative to (B) have good body mechanics and therefore be able to tolerate and even push your limits.
Practice, training and high repetition of physical activity without being within a range of optimized function will ultimately lead to overload and injury. A balance assessment does not only stand for evaluating your stability in a one legged exercise or unstable surfaces, it goes deep in single muscle function capacity and how it affects overall body mechanics. There are methodologies and structures to assess and find out your balance and biomechanics, click here to find out your fitness spectrum profile.

3. Bulletproof your system

The truth is we are a bunch of wires. Movement is by default one of our most valuable powers. Is learned and controlled by different brain structures and operated by the nervous system.
However sometimes the system fails due to fatigue, muscle dysfuntion, overload or impact, altering system function and mechanics. This implies the brain finding out and learning alternative patterns to successfully be able to move.
In order to maintain or learn proper movement mechanics, deep inside motor patterns controlled by the brain, we (C) have to strengthen our muscles. First to make them functional, then get them stronger so under the scenario of potential system failure due to overuse and overload, our readiness prevents injury.

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About the author:
Albert Piñol – MSc in Physical Activity and Sports Science, MSc in Exercise Physiology. Specialized in exercise physiology, hypoxia, neuromuscular system and motor skill development. IG: @albert_pinol