“If we could give every individual the right amount of nourishment and exercise, not too little and not too much, we would have found the safest way to health.” This quote was referenced to no other than a well known and recognized historical figure from classic Greece, Hippocrates of Kos. He was a Greek physician who lived from 460 to 370 B.C. It might  be considered one of the earliest references to what we call exercise science today.

Exercise science is a theory-based, research-led discipline that aims to understand the interaction of multiple fields as kinesiology, biological science and physiology. Often exercise science will be involved in fields of pedagogics in order to design teaching/learning processes which will have efects on fitness, performance, health and behaviors.
Many things have changed since the old greek civilization, however our physiological response to exercise not so much. Luckily, for our advantage, all these fields of knowledge have been put into work. With quite good success, the effort of research and curiosity of understanding has brought over time detailed content about exercise science in humans.

It seems that once upon a time, exercise was a valuable factor, recognized for whom has been considered the “Father of Medicine”. Making a giant leap in history forwarding to this present time despite so much knowledge, understanding and awareness of our civilization, currently exercise seem to have a question mark. Even sometimes relegated to a second plan.

We live to do what keeps us alive. An ideal that lots of individuals, people, communities and societies live as part of their life. The inclusion on this matter has no chronological age. Meanwhile biological age might set and predispose characteristics based on multiple factors, however in most of us, decision making to self-wellbeing is in one inherent freedom. From climbing the Aconcagua, to ride the whitewater’s of Futaleufú, running through the Alps, lifting the heaviest object, learning new skills, hike with family and friends, keep up with your niece in the park or as simple as carry the groceries home. All of them have 2 major common points: (1) movement and (2) function.

What is this all about and what do I need to know?

As a matter of fact, for whatever it is you do, live for or you like, any contribution made to maintain or progress what keeps you alive deserve recognition, time and respect. Exercise science is considered a relative new academic field although, back in the days, with less recognition, apparently exercise had another solid consideration. The goal of this post is to provide useful awareness about Exercise science applications and how they might fit your lifestyle. An accurate knowledge of what Exercise, Fitness and Strength & Conditioning are will help you approach your needs and goals for a happier life.

Physical exercise

Physical exercise is a task or an activity deliberately planned, structured and repetitive that seeks to improve or maintain an adaptation contributing to enhance fitness and health. Worth to mention that this purposeful orientation of improvement must not have a negative contribution to health. Therefore maintain balance between benefits and inimical effects is decisive.


Recently conceptions define fitness as your body state of being physiologically capable of handling challenges above a resting threshold of activity. In other words your readiness to succeed. Fitness has variety of applications and perspectives depending on its approach and outcomes: Physical fitness, Health fitness or Skill fitness. Each one has a related set of attributes to have and achieve which ultimately relate to the ability to perform. You can find out more about fitness goals in our Athletes, Health and P:REhab programs.

Strength & Conditioning

Strength & Conditioning (S&C) are programmed interventions and methodologies targeting physical or skill fitness aiming to develop a selected set of attributes. S&C is composed by the integration of multiple fitness attributes and its physiological adaptations to serve a purpose. A framework that reflects the requirements, needs and strengths for an outright profile or for a specific scenario. In any both cases it sets up a pathway for a defined purpose.
Here are the 4 main goals an S&C program will benefit you:

1. Improve performance and function
2. Develop systematic interventions
3. Assess performance and progression
Reduce injury risk



Note that, no mentions to athletic performance have been used over the article yet. The reason why is because exercise science research has proved over the years the practical application and benefits of Exercise and S&C. In fact, it is well known in professional sports field and used as a valuable and indispensable tool to achieve adaptations that increase athletic performance to increase probability of success.

“Exercise science enhance and helps to improve for better life quality and performance.”

The point is, S&C is a powerful tool which is composed by a large variety of Key Performance Indicators (KPI). If KPI’s are based on physiological markers the program application for sedentary, active or athletic individuals are regulated by the same physiological markers. Therefore S&C and exercise applications are inclusive and, except on particular cases of disease, physology ain’t no different.
“How”, “When” and “Why” will be variables for individualized programs. The last approach is “what” to achieve. To be precise what to improve or maintain will certainly be different to particular individual or group needs, demands or goals.
What are your needs? What are your demands? What are your goals? That is on you. Exercise science does not matter if it is to climb that mountain, reach that time mark, win the match, keep up with the young ones or attain a longevity state of health. Exercise targets biologic processes to induce adaptations, leading to progression, improving physiologic profile and enhancing capacities.

What is known and proved by the scientific community is that exercise will improve fitness, fitness can improve health and an Strength & Conditioning program will balance and optimize a pathway to achieve better outcomes based on your requirements and demands.



About the author:
Albert Piñol is the founder and head-coach at ATHL.Exercise. He has a Master of Physical Activity and Sports Science, MSc in Exercise Physiology, DHE and full certificaiton as Snowboard coach and a DE as a Mountain Guide and Mountainbike adventure-coach. Linked to Exercise Sciences, outdoors and mountain sports practices, he has been involved in Outdoor education centers, Mountain academies, Ski and snowboard schools, Exercise physiology labs and High performance sports teams. He competed internationally as an athlete in freesytle snowboarding in World Snowboard Tour (WST) and FIS circuits. His experience through outdoor sports, competition, post-injury rehabilitation and the desire to continue enjoying his passions, has shaped a particular and detailed approach to Exercise Science. IG: @albert_pinol